Marooned

July 18, 2018

War played an important part. In the decades which have elapsed since the 1939-1945 war cosmetics and toiletries have made extensive desirable developments in the field of soaps and salves bringing cosmetics into line with advances into an international industry.

On the battlefield camouflage creams and protective lipsticks employed against sunburn became known as “commando makeup.” All these  developments have had repercussions in the cosmetic field.  Not only to combat fatigue and build morale but to ensure safety, toilet preparations were adopted by every member of the military and naval aviation, since men marooned on life rafts in naval warfare or in the desert found their skin surfaces might be subject to severe exposure without shelter. Efficacy of insect repellents and sunscreens and over 4000 compounds were studied for use in this connection and nothing was wasted.

Special toilet soaps and barrier creams were developed for use in conjunction with suitable hygienic measures proved to be of value in reducing the incidence of dermatitis. A bewildering range of compounds has been synthesized for use by the cosmetic industry. Some of these products are insect repellents, others emulsifiers, liquid detergents, antioxidants, preservatives and among outstanding examples are the non-ionic emulsifiers and antiseptics incorporated into certain soaps. Chemical and microscopic examination of cosmetics generally includes toilet soap, leg makeup and colouring materials, protective creams and hand cleaners.

Only tests in the laboratory on the final product including perfume and flavour can forecast the hazards involved. Traces of impurities in the components may act as corrosion activators, discolouration, toxic compounds, storage conditions and naturally  composition of the packaging in tubes influence the  steps to be taken to inhibit or minimize the degree of hazard.

Preparation of the most desirable cosmetics includes variation in the quality of raw materials, equipment available and experience of the operator, cost of packaging, advertising and selling price. In the layout of new developments in cosmetic preparations one object in mind occasioned by the use of surface-active materials such as shampoos and in the light of relevant dermatological considerations is that the cosmetician or aesthetician cannot be too well acquainted with the mode of action of the preparation no matter how good.

Cosmetic scientists are by force of circumstance compelled to consider the cosmetic reaction of the purchaser to a product included in the proprietary materials. Dermatologists describe the treatment of many departures from normality found in the human skin but the greater proportion of their daily routine is an attempt to cure disabilities of a more common type. The problem as to how, when and where such medicament becomes active  and the eventual dispersal of the vehicle pleasantly prescribed which will transfer therapeutic content with efficiency to normal  and pathological tissue is carefully considered. Physicians must learn how vehicles can be expected to infiltrate the extremely complicated terrain of human skin.

How can the dermatologist  treat disabilities  in a manner which is welcome to the patient with the constant help of the physical chemist because it does not entail grease, stain, irritant or externally obvious drawbacks? Attention is often drawn to the major problem by the modern cosmetics industry and points the way.

 

 

Advertisements

Lee Radziwill – IMDb

November 5, 2017

A Quiet American

Lee Radziwill in India

The Great Coup of 1916: 4 The Monday Night Cabal — First World War Hidden History

September 11, 2017

Asquith’s Coalition government of May 1915 changed little in terms of Britain’s war management. It was hardly likely to given that it was a basic reshuffle of old faces and older politics. Alfred Milner was well aware that this would be the case, and as such, it suited the Secret Elite to bide their time […]

via The Great Coup of 1916: 4 The Monday Night Cabal — First World War Hidden History

Get the Word of the Day – brinkmanship | Dictionary.com

June 7, 2017

Perhaps more importantly, it would significantly reduce the brinkmanship of shutdown politics, which has become all too common in recent years. This brinkmanship has harmed our political system, our economy and our international reputation, and it is well past time for it to end.

June 7, 2017

Reid Ribble, “‘Shutdown politics’ is keeping Congress from working. Here’s how to fix it.” Washington Post, November 3, 2016

United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation pamphlet collection in SearchWorks

April 13, 2017

https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/10559707

Holocrine secretion

April 13, 2017

Holocrine is a term used to classify the mode of secretion in exocrine glands in the study of histology. Holocrine secretions are produced in the cytoplasm of the cell and released by the rupture of the plasma membrane, which destroys the cell and results in the secretion of the product into the lumen.

Holocrine secretion is the most damaging (to the cell itself and not to the host of which begot the cell) type of secretion, with merocrine secretion being the least damaging and apocrine secretion falling in between.

Examples of holocrine glands include the sebaceous glands of the skin and the meibomian glands of the eyelid. The sebaceous gland is an example of a holocrine gland because its product of secretion (sebum) is released with remnants of dead cells.

Holocrine, apocrine and merocrine glands are sebaceous

March 31, 2017

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocrine

WordCamp Kyoto 2017 is Looking for Speakers! — WordCamp Central

March 31, 2017

The WordCamp Kyoto 2017 team has announced call for speakers for a day conference in Kyoto University on June 24. Date Saturday, June 24, 2017 (No sessions are planned for the Contributor Day on Sunday, June 25) Venue Kyoto University – Main Campus, International Science Innovation Building (Access) Session Format 15 mins or 30 mins,…

via WordCamp Kyoto 2017 is Looking for Speakers! — WordCamp Central

English Grammar | LearnEnglish | British Council | irregular verbs – learnenglish.britishcouncil.org

March 26, 2017

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/irregular-verbs